Walking Shoes vs. Running Shoes: What’s the Difference?
When you’re on the move, wearing the right type of footwear is crucial for keeping your muscles, joints, and ligaments healthy and pain-free. While purchasing a standard pair of athletic sneakers might work for those who exercise frequently or live a generally active lifestyle, not all active shoes are created equal.
Different workouts require your body to move in different ways. When it comes to walking exercises, are sneakers good for walking? Cross-training sneakers and basketball shoes are designed to support side-to-side and up-and-down motions, whereas walking and running shoes support forward movements. And beyond that, there are distinct differences between walking shoes and running shoes.
If you’re a runner, frequent walker, or both, you might be wondering what type of sneakers you should get. The footwear experts at Vionic are here to provide some helpful insight in your quest for the perfect walking shoes for women or men. Read on for a deep dive into the walking shoes vs. running shoes discussion.
The Difference Between Running and Walking Shoes
Footwear made for walking and running promotes forward strides and repetitive heel-toe motions.¹ Additionally, they’re both usually lightweight with durable outsoles that last up to 500 miles.
So, what exactly is the difference between running and walking shoes? Keep reading to find out.
What Are Walking Shoes?
When you walk, your heel hits the ground before the ball of your foot. This heel-to-toe stepping motion requires your whole body weight to roll from back to front. Compared to trail running, high-intensity interval training, and other strenuous workouts, walking is a low-impact form of exercise. Though your weight shifts from front to back with each step, it distributes more evenly through your feet and legs.
Walking shoes and hiking shoes aren’t as light and breathable as running shoes, but this is by design. A more structured silhouette provides stability and reduces the impact on your plantar fascia, ankles, and calves. Additionally, walking sneakers offer substantial arch support, cushioning, and shock absorption to minimize stress on your joints and reduce overpronation.²
Compared to most other types of footwear, this comfortable shoe style hasn’t been around for very long. Walking shoes came to market in the mid-1980s, but it took a couple of decades for people to catch on to the benefits of this type of sneaker. Now that everyone has pedometers and step-tracking apps at their fingertips, walking sneakers are finally getting the love they deserve.
What to Look For in Walking Shoes
Generally speaking, walking shoes are made more for comfort than performance. This is because the act of walking isn’t just a workout—it’s also an essential function you rely on throughout the day. With that said, a proper pair with orthotic arch support, cushioned midsoles, stable heel counters, and shock-absorbing outsoles like the styles from Vionic will offer the most comfort.
Look for a relatively thick outsole, breathable lining, and a contoured midsole that minimizes friction against your skin. We also recommend wide toe boxes to reduce cramping and blisters. Ultimately, walking sneakers should feel good on your feet whether you’re speed walking, trekking uphill, or strolling through your neighborhood at an easy-breezy pace.
What Are Running Shoes?
When you jog, your heel probably hits the ground first, followed by the ball of your foot. But depending on how fast you’re going, you might land on your forefoot with each strike and then propel yourself forward without your heel ever touching the ground. Running is a high-impact form of exercise, especially the latter style.
Every time your foot hits the ground, your body absorbs as much as three times its weight. When you remain on the balls of your feet, your knees end up carrying the brunt of this impact. Additionally, running gets your heart rate up higher, making your entire body warmer, including your feet.
Running shoes are designed with this in mind. They’re made to accommodate various running styles, including heel-to-toe strides, midfoot strides, and toe strides. Trail running shoes and regular running sneakers are typically lighter than walking shoes with extra cushioning around the heel and toe areas. They also have lightweight and breathable uppers to allow airflow as your feet heat up.
What to Look For in Running Shoes
When shopping for running shoes, look for styles with breathable mesh uppers, neoprene, or another lightweight synthetic material. You’ll also want lightweight, adequately cushioned shoes that can also provide stability.
Walking vs. Running Shoes
According to the American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine (AAPSM), both walking and running shoes should provide stability and a smooth strike.³ As we mentioned, the primary differences have to do with weight, flexibility, and cushioning.
Another distinction is motion control. A running shoe will typically be designed for motion control, as it helps keep the foot in a neutral position. Since the rotation of your feet becomes more exaggerated with different running styles and speeds, a proper sneaker will keep it in place. This helps prevent shin splints, tendonitis, and other common ailments.
Though many walking shoes you’ll find on the market don’t offer the same motion control as running sneakers, Vionic’s styles are a different story. Every pair has substantial stability, keeping your foot in the proper position with every step without affecting comfort or functionality.
Can You Wear Running Shoes for Walking?
A lot of people wonder if you can wear running shoes for walking. While running sneakers are designed specifically for running, they can work as walking sneakers for those who prefer a lighter style.⁴
However, wearing walking shoes for running is generally not recommended, as the construction is usually slightly too heavy and stiff. When you jog or run, lightweight, flexible footwear is critical. Also, walking shoes are designed explicitly for a heel-to-toe stride.
Learn the Vocab for Athletic Sneakers
When weighing your options for the most comfortable walking shoes or running sneakers, it can be helpful to know the various terms used to describe athletic footwear. Here’s a breakdown of some key vocab words.
- Strike: The strike (or drop) refers to the contact your foot makes with the ground with each stride. If a shoe’s description notes a smooth or soft foot strike, heel strike, or heel drop, it’s probably suitable for walking, jogging, or both.
- Overpronation: Overpronation is when your foot rolls inward as you run or walk. This puts significant pressure on your arches and foot ligaments, which can be extremely painful and cause mobility issues.
- Shock: Shock is the impact of fitness walking and running on your feet, ankles, knees, and hips. A shoe designed for shock absorption will reduce the impact on your body, helping to minimize discomfort and prevent injuries.
- Toe Box: In the anatomy of a shoe, the toe box is—you guessed it—the area surrounding your toes. It should be spacious in terms of both height and width, as cramped toes can lead to a range of foot problems.
- Midsoles: The midsole (or footbed) is the part of a shoe that lines up with the bottom of your foot. It should be contoured with arch support and heel cups while providing ample cushioning.
- Heel Counter: The heel counter is an insert in the back of a walking or running shoe that reinforces the heel cup, controls pronation, and enhances overall support.
Active Shoes for Men and Women from Vionic
If you take daily walks, walking shoes are the way to go. If you’re a jogger, trail runner, or distance runner, then running sneakers is your best bet. And if you do both, you might consider getting a pair of each. Not sure where to start? Vionic has an impressive selection of men’s and women’s walking shoes and active sneakers.
We carry lace-up walkers, as well as hook-and-loop strap styles. We’ve also got plenty of trainers, active sneakers, cross-training shoes, casual sneakers, and even tennis shoes made specifically for working on your feet. Aside from being supremely comfortable and supportive, our orthotic sneakers are totally stylish.
Shop our athletic shoe collections today! If you have any questions, we’re always here to help you find the exact right shoe.